Wasps. The Difference between wasps and bees

Wasps are distinguishable from bees by their pointed lower abdomens and the narrow “waist,” called a petiole, that separates the abdomen from the thorax.

Difference between wasps and bees

Difference between wasps and bees

They come in every color imaginable, from the familiar yellow to brown, metallic blue, and even bright red. Generally, the brighter colored species are in the Vespidae, or stinging wasp, family.
All wasps build nests.
Whereas bees secrete a waxy substance to construct their nests,
Wasps create their familiar papery abodes from wood fibers scraped with their hard mandibles and chewed into a pulp.

Social wasp colonies are started from scratch each spring by a queen who was fertilized the previous year and survived the winter by hibernating in a warm place. When she emerges, she builds a small nest and rears a starter brood of worker females. These workers then take over expanding the nest, building multiple six-sided cells into which the queen continually lays eggs. By late summer, a colony can have more than 5,000 individuals, all of whom, including the founding queen, die off at winter. Only newly fertilized queens survive the cold to restart the process in spring.

Never try to tackle a wasp nest yourself, they can become vicious when provoked, our technicians have all the gear.
Call us today if you have a wasp issue (01)4511795

Some Facts About Rats and Rat Control

If you suspect that you might have rats in your house, don’t ignore the problem hoping it will go away. It won’t.

In fact, if you procrastinate for a month or two, things may get our of hand. One female rat can produce up to 144 babies in a year. Each of those female babies can get pregnant when they are only 6 weeks old. With gestation lasting only 22 days and up to 12 babies in each litter – you do your maths! That is a LOT of rats!

Have a look at this National Geographic video below, and see what we mean.

Rats are not easy to eliminate by yourself. They are highly intelligent and suspicious of any new objects. They will usually ignore the poison or traps you set up yourself, unless you have a good understanding of their behaviour and habits.

Rats are extremely agile. A rat can shimmy up a dangling wire, climb a vertical wall of brick or stucco or pull itself up in the space between a wall and a utility pipe. They can walk on telephone wires, dig, or swim for days with out stopping.

They can survive a 50-foot fall and land like a cat, uninjured. They can wriggle through a whole the size of a 50 cent piece and jump 3 feet straight up.

Rats are  also very adaptable. They can eat just about anything. They can survive in most conditions. The only brown rat-free zones in the world are the Arctic, the Antarctic, some especially isolated islands, such as Iceland, the province of Alberta in Canada, and certain conservation areas in New Zealand.

Need Help With Rat Control?

If you notice the appearance of rodents in your house or business premises, don’t wait until the problem gets worse. Rats and mice are far more difficult and expensive to eradicate once they have settled in and started breeding. They multiply very quickly and if you leave it too long, the problem can, and most probably will, get out of hand.

So rather than deal with the problem yourself, it is best to call in a professional. Our IPCA qualified technicians have extensive experience in rat control and can quickly and safely get rid of your rat problem.

Read more about our Rat Control Services here or Call Onguard Pest Control on 01 451 1795 or 086 300 9700 for immediate intervention.

Rat Poison | Rat Control Ireland

Rat Control - Norway ratRat poison, or rodenticide is a category of pest control chemicals intended to kill rodents such as rats and mice.

Rat poison is often used as an effective aid in rat control, however “convincing” the rodents to eat the poison, may take some time and experience.

Rats are suspicious of new objects and generally avoid new foods that can make them ill, because anatomically and neurologically they are incapable of vomiting a contaminated or poisonous substance they ingested. The rat’s first line of defense is to “sample” the food in a very small amount. If it doesn’t make them sick, they will return and eat a bit more of it.

Rats have keen senses of taste and smell– and can detect harmful substances  in minute amounts. If something smells or tastes suspicious, they won’t touch it.

Rats are also very intelligent. They are capable of observing and linking the cause and effect of another rat dying after eating a particular food. As a result the whole colony will learn to avoid that food in future. They have also been known to develop resistance to some poisons and ingest them without any serious side effects.

Therefore, to effectively control a rat population, careful monitoring and the simultaneous use of several different rat control methods such as rat poison, rat traps, rat proofing and good sanitation should be used.


Most Common Types of Rat Poison

There are several types of rat poison. The most common are bromethalin, anticoagulants, phosphides, and calciferols.

Rat Poison # 1: Bromethalin

Bromethalin is a neurotoxin that affects cells in the brain and liver. It causes sodium accumulation within cells and results in fluid build-up within the brain. Bromethalin poisoning is fast acting– signs of brain swelling and central nervous system disturbance appear within 2 to 24 hours after ingestion. The swelling compresses nerves, which then lose their ability to send messages to the brain. Bromethalin can kill rats within a few hours following a single ingestion of poison.

Rat Poison # 2: Phosphides

Metal phosphides are frequently used as a rodenticide and are considered single-dose fast acting rat poison. A bait consisting of food and a phosphide (usually zinc phosphide) is left where the rats can eat it. The acid in the digestive system of the rodent reacts with the phosphide to generate the toxic phosphine gas which kills the rodent usually within 1 – 3 days after single bait ingestion.

Rat Poison # 3: Anti-coagulants

Anti-coagulants are common rodenticides that contain chemicals to interfere with blood clotting. Some of the most popular anti-coagulant rat poisons are fumarin and warfarin.
When the rodents begin to bleed internally, there is no vitamin K to induce blood clotting and the rats die due to internal bleeding. One of the shortcomings of this class of rat poisons is that it does not kill the animals instantly, but allows them to  return  to their nests—which are usually in walls or roof rafters, subfloors or foundations. Rats die and decompose in difficult to reach places and and that often results in a difficult to eradicate odour.

Rat Poison # 4: Calciferols (vitamins D).

This type of rat poison works by affecting the levels of vitamin D and calcium in the body. Ingesting toxic amounts of vitamin D causes hypocalcemia. Hypocalcemia is a condition where calcium levels are raised to a degree where the kidneys, stomach, lungs, blood vessels and heart are all damaged by calcification, or hardening. This process is slow and takes a week to kill the rodent.


Dangers of DIY Pest Control using Rat Poison

Each of these rat poisons is dangerous and should not to be applied without proper tools and knowledge. It is therefore safest to leave it to a professional pest control technician to administer the poison treatment.

Many people think that ingesting rat poison (or mice poison) would cause their dog or cat to vomit. However as some of the rat poisons effect the blood or nervous system or calcium balance, the symptoms are much more subtle and difficult to detect.  If  any of your pets or a child seems unwell after you put our the rat poison, contact a poison control centre immediately.


OnGuard Pest Control Offers Safe, Yet Effective, Rodent Control

We only use approved rat poison. The poison is never left lying around, but it is administered in specially designed bait stations, not easily accessible to other pets or children. Our Rat Control technicians, know where to put the bait, so to minimise your exposure to the poison and eliminate the rodents as soon as possible.

If you would like us to quickly and safely eliminate rats or mice from your house or place of business, give us a call; or request a call back by filling the form below.